During your day-to-day activities, ask your driver what he thinks the tires on the car you are riding have for their construction. The most likely answer that you are likely to get is that the tires are made of rubber. While this is partly true, many types of rubbers are available and not all are suitable for producing tires. In this article, we explain to you the various types of rubbers that make up the tires we ride on.
What are the types of rubbers used in making tires?
While most people are not aware of this, different tires use different types of rubber for their making. This depends on the purpose of the wheels, the terrain that the wheels will be driven on and the size of the wheels. Here are some of the commonly used types of rubbers:
l Natural rubber- this is the only natural rubber used in the making of tires. Experts get this type of rubber from the latex sup usually found on the back of some varieties of trees.
- l Butyl rubber
- l Polybutadiene rubber
- l Styrene-butadiene rubber
It is important to note that the other three forms of rubber are not natural but are formed synthetically for the purposes of tire creation. Various polymers found in crude oil are the main raw materials for producing these types of rubber. However, in the recent times, manufacturers have devised ways that they can use plant-based products and various natural tire ingredients for the purposes of increasing the tires’ durability and reducing their carbon footprint.
What are the advantages of using rubber-making tires?
Other materials such as wood and metal are available for tire creation but most people still prefer to use rubber tires. Here are some of the reasons as to why:
Rubber tires are very efficient:
As compared to steel and wood, rubber tires are more efficient. For instance, they are quieter on the road as compared to the two. You do not hear screeching sounds while driving or incur unnecessary stops due to overheating.
They are environmentally friendly:
Rubber tires allow for recycling making them a friend to the environment. In addition to that, when rubber tires are no longer in use, people can make many other valuable materials from it. This gives you value for your money.
Rubber tires are very durable:
From the time of purchase, rubber tires can serve you for as long as it takes as long as they stay puncture-free. Their threads are strong thereby allowing them to cruise over many types of terrains. Their shock absorbing ability is also amazing.
Rubber tires are the best as compared to the ones built from other materials. However, the types of rubber used to create the different types of tires vary from one to another. There is only one type of natural rubber (ones gotten from the sup on the bark of trees) used in the tire construction. Polymers form the other three types of rubber used for tire making.